History of Savannah

Savannah, Georgia, is a city with a rich and complex history that spans over three centuries. From its founding in 1733 to its role in the American Revolution and beyond, Savannah has played a significant role in shaping the history of the United States. In this article, we will explore the fascinating history of Savannah, Georgia.

Founding of Savannah

Savannah was founded in 1733 by James Oglethorpe, a British statesman and soldier. Oglethorpe envisioned Georgia as a place where poor Englishmen could start a new life and escape the poverty and debt that plagued them in England. He named the new colony after King George II and established Savannah as its capital. The city’s layout was designed in a grid pattern, with wide streets and squares that were used for social gatherings and public events.

Role in the American Revolution

During the American Revolution, Savannah played a critical role in the struggle for independence. In 1778, the city was occupied by British troops, and it remained under British control for three years. In 1779, a joint American-French force attempted to retake the city but was defeated in the Battle of Savannah. The city remained under British control until the end of the war in 1783.

Growth and Expansion

After the American Revolution, Savannah began to grow and expand rapidly. The city became a major center for cotton production and trade, and its port was a vital link in the transportation network that connected the American South to the rest of the world. The city’s economy also benefited from the slave trade, as Savannah became a major hub for the import and sale of enslaved Africans.

Civil War and Reconstruction

During the Civil War, Savannah was a major target for Union forces. In 1864, General William T. Sherman led his troops on a famous “March to the Sea,” which culminated in the capture of Savannah. Despite the destruction caused by the war, Savannah rebounded quickly during the Reconstruction era, read more. The city’s economy continued to grow, and new industries such as lumber and paper production emerged.

Civil Rights Movement

Like many cities in the American South, Savannah was a center of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s. The city’s African American community led demonstrations and boycotts to protest segregation and discrimination. In 1963, the city’s first black mayor, Otis Johnson, was elected. Today, Savannah is a diverse and welcoming city that celebrates its rich history and culture.

Historic District

The Historic District of Savannah is one of the city’s most famous and beloved features. The district includes 22 squares that are surrounded by historic homes, churches, and public buildings. Many of these buildings have been preserved and restored, and they offer a glimpse into Savannah’s past. Some of the most famous buildings in the district include the Juliette Gordon Low Birthplace, the Owens-Thomas House, and the Telfair Museum of Art.

Tourism Industry

Today, Savannah’s tourism industry is a major part of its economy. Visitors come from all over the world to explore the city’s rich history, culture, and architecture. Savannah is also famous for its food and drink scene, which includes local favorites such as shrimp and grits, fried green tomatoes, and sweet tea. The city’s many festivals and events, such as the Savannah Music Festival and the Savannah Film Festival, also attract visitors throughout the year.


Savannah, Georgia, is a city with a rich and complex history that has played a significant role in shaping the United States. From its founding by James Oglethorpe to its role in the American Revolution and beyond, Savannah has always been a city of great importance. Today, Savannah continues to thrive and grow, and it becomes more popular.

Points Of Interest

Forsyth Park | Wormsloe Historic Site | Telfair Museums | Tybee Island Lighthouse | Savannah Historic District | Bonaventure Cemetery | Cathedral of St. John the Baptist | River Street | The Olde Pink House